Colosseum

Colosseum is one of the 7 New Wonders of the World, also known as Flavian Amphitheater, since the construction of it started Vespasia from the Flavian family in 72 year. His son Titus finished it 8 years later. People believe that name Colosseum comes from colossal sculpture of the emperor Neron that was in front of it, but it’s doubtful.

About Colosseum

Gladiator fights and simulations of sea battles were organized in the amphitheater. For the later purpose, Colosseum would be filled with water. It could fit around 50 thousands of people who sat strictly organized by their social status. The best places were for the emperor and Vestal virgins (virgin priestesses), then senators who sat in front rows and so on to the tops where were places for common people. In the case of emergency, this number of people could be evacuated in 10 minutes. The system they had built was definitely something that could put to shame nowadays’ modern stadiums.

For 500 years, Romans used it for organizing fights. If you’d like to visualise them, seeing the underground room might be interesting for you as there are still cages where gladiators waited for their fights. Walking through is not allowed so you will have to be content with seeing it from the grandstands. However, the space is so grand and mesmerizing you will almost feel the tension and fear of the gladiators.

Since 2010 it is possible to see part of the underground of Colosseum, so called hypogeum, as well as the third floor. The sightseeing is usually allowed in the warmer part of the year while hypogeum is usually closed during the winter. You can check the conditions here-(LINKOVATI )www.coopculture.it.

After the 6th century Colosseum was somewhat neglected. The situation culminated in 15th and 16th century when people used its stone as building materials for other Roman monuments. In 1780, Pope declared it as a holy place.

The importance of the most famous Roman monument is best reflected in the quote by Venerable Bede:

"While the Colosseum stands, Rome shall stand; when the Colosseum falls, Rome shall fall; when Rome falls, the world shall fall."

It’s open for visits every day from 9 am until 1 hour before the sunset. Entrance fee is 10 euros and it includes entering the Palatin as well.

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Photos of Colosseum