Rome tours

Rome is one of the most beautiful cities in the world and its history might be the richest and stormiest from them all. Italian capital is worldwide known for its long history, impressive monuments but also numerous squares crowded with coffee shops and restaurants boosting the social life of Rome.

Guided tours visiting Rome

About Rome

According the legend, Rome was founded by two brothers, Romulus and Remus on April 21st 753 BC. Archaeological findings confirmed this as the time when the city was founded, also indicating this was when binding of smaller settlements around the future Roman Forum happened. Through the history, Rome was the capital of Roman Kingdom, Republic of Rome and, of course, Roman Empire. During that time, the city was built on top of the Seven Hills of Rome which later overlooked the empire dominantly spread across the large areas of Europe, with population of around 1 million people. During the thousand years of military and political domination over the continent, Rome was the biggest, richest and culturally the most developed city in the western world. Long after the split of empire and loss of the capital status, it reserved its position.

Centuries of unbelievable history and constant changing cultural and artistic trends have left an indelible trace in the Italian capital. There is no other old town in the world that can compare to any parts of Rome. Actually, the entire city is one big historical center. No matter if you are walking through wide, wavy or labyrinth-like narrow streets you will certainly see layers and layers of various artistic techniques from different epochs, particularly on architectural landmarks. Simply imagine the city as a fun historic puzzle and have fun guessing the periods when the statues, fountains, palaces and galleries around the city were made.

Rome is filled with landmarks on each step! Probably the most recognizable symbol of Rome is Colosseum. Built in 70 AD, it is the biggest amphitheatre ever built in an empire. With capacity of about 50,000 people it served as a place for gladiator fights. Other important symbols of Rome are Forum Romanum with the line of ruinous temples, Pantheon (The Temple of All Gods), Roman Catacombs, Circus Maximus, former hippodrome and the biggest building in old Rome, Bocca della Verita where, if it is to be trusted to the legend, liers hands got cut off, Fontana di Trevi and many many other interesting places.

The Spanish Steps (Scalinata della Trinità dei Monti) are connecting maybe the most beautiful Roman square - Piazza di Spagna and the church Trinità dei Monti. They were built by decree of Pope Innocent XII in order to connect Spanish embassy with the church. From then, they were restored several times, last time in 1995 since when local authorities prohibited eating here. Not only they are popular touristic attraction, they are also popular place for gathering of locals so expect some crowd while sightseeing around here. The Spanish Steps, with its 138 steps, look the best during the spring when they are covered in flowers.

Rome is known for its enclave Vatican, a sovereign state of the Holy See, surrounded by Rome. With an area of 44 hectares and a population whose number does not exceed 900, Vatican City is the smallest country in the world. The head of state is the Bishop of Rome, or the Pope and it is the seat of the Roman Catholic Church.

Castel Sant 'Angelo is a monumental fortress along the Tiber, a fortress of tumultuous history even for Roman standards. During the many years of existence, the building was used as a mausoleum, and then as an integral part of the city walls. Then it builds up in the fort, before becoming Pope's residence. After that, the fortress was used as a military barracks and a military prison. Today, the fortress of Castel Sant 'Angelo is a national museum, a building rich in history and a touristic site.

Just as the majority cities in continental Europe, Rome is full of life by night, just as during the day, so opportunities for good parties around the town are endless. You can start up your evening in a nice restaurant with good cuisine and famous Italian wines, with music and dancing. Many hip bars are located on the city squares and after that you can visit some of their famous nightclubs. Trastevere quarter is a safe choice with tons of theme bars and live music clubs. The bigger part of club scene is focused on the clubs and discotheques in the Testaccio area.

One of the things Rome is known for, as well as the rest of Italy actually, is football. Rome has two football clubs - Roma and Lazio, both in Serie A, the highest range of Italian football league, so they share the same stadium - Stadio Olimpico. Clubs, just as their fans are huge rivals and derbies often end in the clash of fans. If you like football and you get the chance, certainly use your stay in Rome to see at least one good game.

Even if you didn’t plan to, you have to visit Rome. After all, don’t you know all roads lead to it :)

Where is Rome Located?

Roma is located in central Italy, near the west coast. (map)

When to visit Rome?

If you don’t like crazy crowds, that are definitely expected in the city as popular as Rome, plan your visit in the period from October to April as that is the time when less tourists come and you can find a bit cheaper accommodation. You might need a warm coat but don’t worry since the temperatures usually don’t go below freezing. If you prefer more sunny and warm weather, try May or September.

Rome climate

Rome has a typical Mediterranean climate. The most pleasant weather is in period from April to June and from mid-September to mid-October. That is why Roman ‘ottobrata’ (literally translated it means - a beautiful October day) is so famous and known. In August, the temperature in the warmest part of the day often goes over 32°C so tradition is to make August the month of vacations. This trend is slowing up a bit and Rome is becoming completely functional during the entire summer. Average highest temperature in December is about 14°C.

How to get there?

People usually come to Rome by plane or by train. In case you option for the train, be ready to meet Termini, one of the biggest train stations in Europe. They say that all roads lead to Rome, but in Rome all roads lead to Termini, the city’s main traffic monster. However, in the last couple of years its role changed a bit due to Tiburtine opening - the train station for fast trains.

Public transport

The best way of transportation and getting familiar with the city is by using the bus. It might sound a bit strange but their bus public transportation is so well organized that there is almost no need to use the metro. They are still working on their metro which you should only use during the rush hour or if you are heading to Vatican and are placed on the other side of the city.

Places to visit in Rome

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Photos of Rome