Leaning Tower of Pisa

If anyone mentions Pisa, probably the first thing that comes to your mind is Leaning Tower of Pisa, one of the most recognizable Italian symbols. With reason, because the Leaning Tower of Pisa, as entire Miracles’ Square where the tower is situated, will leave you breathless.

And just after the short walk and passing through the walls, you’ll understand why it’s called Piazza dei Miracoli, Miracles’ Square. Cathedral, tower, the biggest baptistry in Italy and impressive fountains represent architecture you’ll hardly see anywhere else, especially if you take in consideration most of this was built in the 12th or 13th century. This was the prosperity era, when Pisa stood equally powerful as Florence or Genoa.

The Leaning Tower, which actually represents the Cathedral’s belfry, was built for almost two centuries. It has seven floors and just as many church bells. This is one of the most famous constructions, not just in Italy but in the world. It’s built in Roman style and known for its striking curvature. Some people tend to explain this with some mystical circumstances and religious beliefs but the truth is that this happened due to the structure of the ground it was built on.

Foundation of the tower set the famous architect Bonanno Pisano. Building started in 1173 but they made it only to the third floor as the ground underneath started to plunge which affected the position of the tower and later on getting the popular name, The Leaning Tower. Construction was continued about 100 years later and in the 13th century they built three more floors, while by the end of the 14th century they built the last, seventh floor.

The tower has a unique cylindrical shape and it’s more than 55 meters high. The ground floor is made of concrete arcade. The following six floors have open terraces with barrel vaults, placed in vertical columns. The eighth floor is the bell tower, and slightly smaller in diameter than the other floors. There are seven bells, which are located in the same place and after the construction, but don’t ring. Interesting fact is that inside the tower there are seven bells. Each bell represents one note of the musical major scale.

Exterior of the tower, is made of colorful marble and there are carved some drawings. Entering doors are particularly well decorated and there you can see drawings of animals. Inside of Tower characterizes 294 spiral stairs taking you to the belfry.

By 1990, the tower leaned so much that officials had to shut it down due to the danger for visitors and start working on restoration. It was reopened again in 2001 and in order to stop further moving in 2008 they took out 70 tons of ground. Experts believe this will be enough to stop moving for next 200 years.

In 1987 it was included on UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites’ list. The tower is claimed to be one of the seven new wonders of the world and attracts vast number of visitors every year.

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Photos of Leaning Tower of Pisa