Florence tours

Florence is a place every art lover simply must visit. UNESCO estimates that around 60% of world’s entire art heritage is placed in Italy. More than half of it is in Florence.

Florence is located in the northwestern part of the Italy. It is surrounded with hills and somehow makes you feel excited and frustrated at the same time. One thing is certain - it’s difficult to stay indifferent with its beauty, for example the magnificent dome of Brunelleschi cathedral in sunset. Florence is the city that lives off many tourists coming everyday. What they are all looking for is new artistic inspiration and they don’t mind walking through narrow and crowded streets.

Florence is often called the cradle of the Renaissance. Majority of its treasures are here thanks to the family Medici, that ruled the city for 300 years and generously encouraged the flourishing of art in the city. Paints of Botticelli, sculptures of Michelangelo and rustic palaces of Michelozzo are just part of the amazing pieces made during their rule.

Guided tours visiting Florence

Interesting facts about Florence

  • Florence is also known as Athens of Italy.
  • UNESCO estimates that 30% of the entire world art heritage is actually in Florence.
  • Florence was the first city in Europe that got paved streets in 1339.
  • Leonardo Da Vinci was born in the lower valley of the Arno River in the territory of Florence on April 15, 1452.
  • Florence is the capital city of the region of Tuscany.
  • The statue of David by Michelangelo is over 4 metres high and you can see it at The Accademia.
  • Worldwide known explorer, Amerigo Vespucci, was born in Florence on March 9th, 1454.
  • Bartolomeo Cristofori invented the piano in Florence.

Florence culture

The most famous Florentine families Pitti, Medici and Stroci were inviting the most talented artists from entire Italy to decorate their villas and palaces and even their working spaces later on. That’s actually how one of the world’s most famous museum was created/born - Uffizi Gallery. Medici family was buying plenty of art works for the palace they were using for the office space.The building was decorated with works of the most famous painters at the time. Museum got the name Uffizi since that means an office in Italian. Later on the offices belonged to families Pitti and Stroci. The ownership was rotating among the families as their industrial and political powers were changing. All of them have left an unforgettable mark in the art of the city.

Many artists of the time were coming here to live and work and some were even born here. The famous poet, Dante Alighieri was born here in the end of the 13th century and died in Ravenna, beginning of the 14th century. He was not only a poet, he was an interpreter, a great politician and a thinker, criticizing all the bad things that were happening at the time. This is why he was expatriated from Florence. After living in Florence he went to Verona where he spend some time and finished his masterpiece - The Divine Comedy.

One of the most famous artists in the world, Michelangelo, was also born in Florence. He was a grand humanist, painter, sculptor and architect. Leonardo da Vinci, painter, sculptor and creator, worked in Florence as well. He made his most famous piece Mona Lisa here. This is Da Vinci’s masterpiece, in which he was in love, and today is considered to be the example of a perfect work, the best painting ever done. He took it with himself, during his visit to France. Unfortunately, he died near Paris in 1521 and the painting stayed in France, exhibited in Louvre as the most valuable piece.

Except them, many other sculptors and painters as Donatello and Giotto, worked here. Giotto was an amazing architect making the plans for the part of cathedral and especially for the tower of Santa Maria della Fiore. All these people made Florence Mecca of art. Today, Florence is also Mecca of tourism.

In the late Middle Ages, the power of Florence started to recede. Namely, two new powerful cities, Genoa and Venice are turning to marine, however, Florence remains the city that keeps growing. As there weren’t any war suffering during the WWI and WWII, Florence becomes the city of more than half a million of people. Political scene of Florence and Tuscany was square Piazza della Signoria. All the important events and meetings in the city were held here.

Florence has 11 bridges and the most famous one is Ponte Vecchio, with small closed part with many little shops. Florence is known as the city where people always love to come back.

Florence history

Florence is the capital of Tuscany region. This region has the greatest autonomy, and even has its own red, tuscan brick color. The city was built around Arno river, in the Roman Empire era, concretely by Julius Caesar. Small settlements were here before Romans, but the Romans built first bigger and significant settlement. During the reign of Julius Caesar, the city flourishes in the agriculture, later on it was often attacked by Gallic tribes. During the reign of Hugo of Tuscany in the 11th century, Florence becomes an independent city-state all until the unification in 1856, a little bit earlier from other northern parts. As an independent and free city, it is experiencing a "renaissance".

Florence was a trading city, on the meeting point of the roads from the Adriatic sea to Mediterranean sea, connecting north and south and that is why first banks in the world were made here. At first, banks were institutions that were collecting money then they did savings and later on they started giving out loans. The first bill in the world was invented here. It was a substitute for money and it was used for trading. Banking system was developing first in Italy, then in the rest of the world. Where is trading, there is the money and money means progress in all the other spheres of life, especially art and culture, and this is in short recipe for success of Florence.

When to visit Florence?

The city is charming all year round although it can be a bit hot and humid during summer months, especially in July and August, and it gets a bit cold during the winter. The best time to visit the city would be between May and September. You can expect art festivals, dinners outside and lovely Italian sunshine. Late autumn and winter are great time for a visit if you prefer shorter lines in galleries and museums.

Florence climate

Florence has Mediterranean climate, characterized with hot summers and mild winters. It’s quite rainy throughout the year, except for the June and July. During the winter temperature goes beyond zero although it snows rarely. Average temperature is from 1 to 10 °C. However, it tends to be windy. Summers are very hot and the average temperature during summer goes above 30 °C. August usually brings the rain and the temperature is substantially higher - it can be close to 40 °C.

What not to miss in Florence

  • "Multiculturalita" - in this city of renaissance and rebirth you can truly enjoy elegant and discrete world of ‘united colors’. You will meet people from around the world in modern and probably their best version.
  • "Gelato Artigenale" or natural ice cream - there is no place in Italy where you can have better natural ice cream, in summer or winter. They are true masters of ice cream!
  • Hills around Florence- mesmerizing panorama! From here you can enjoy amazing view of Florence.
  • Food and Wine - a super quality cuisine, which will, along with a good wine, be the best souvenir from this town
  • "Toscano" - cigars for "uomini veri" ("real men")

Places to visit in Florence

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Photos of Florence