Troy Tours

According to the legend, the Troy was founded by Dardanus’ grandson Tros (in Greek mythology, Dardanus was son of Zeus and Electra). Dardanus founded so-called Dardania and his grandson extended the territory calling people Trojans. It is widely known for the Trojan war.

Guided tours visiting Troy

Trojan war

Historical background of the legend of the great war between Greeks leaded by Mycenaean king Agamemnon and the Trojans most probably was a war that happened at some point between 1350 B.C. and 1100 B.C. According the famous legend, cause of the war was kidnapping beautiful Helen, the wife of Spartan king Menelaus, who was taken by son of the Trojan king, young Paris of Troy. Famous Greek poet Homer wrote about this in his Iliad, where he described the final year of siege of Troy.

The war initially started with fight among goddesses - Athena, Hera and Aphrodite, after the goddess of disharmony, Eris, decided to give a golden apple, known as Apple of Discord, to the most fair goddess of them. Zeus sent the goddess to Paris who ruled in favor of Aphrodite, who got the apple. In order to express her gratitude, Aphrodite had charmed Helen to fall in love with Paris who took her to Troy. Agamemnon, the king of Mycenae and brother of Helen’s husband Menelaus, took a military expedition to Troy and sieged the city to revenge for Paris’ insult. The siege lasted for 10 years.

After the death of numerous heroes, like Achilles and Ajax, as well as Trojan’s Hector and Paris, the city lost as a result of a fraud known as Trojans horse. Greek murdered majority of men and enslaved the others. They have left kids and women, robbed and burned the temples and therefore they deserved revenge from gods. A very small number of Greek went home successfully, while majority settled on nearby islands and made separate colonies.

Where is Troy located

For a long time, location of Troy was mostly considered in philosophical conversations, until German amateur archaeologist, Heinrich Schliemann, started the actual diggings on the Hissarlik hill, south from Dardanelles, in 1870s. Despite the unprofessional works, in the era when archaeology was just starting to bloom, this man of enthusiasm managed to discover ancient Priamus’ town.

Further investigation founded 9 layers of antical Troy, from the primitive settlement dating back to the early Bronze age to Hellenistic-Roman metropolis that was reestablished by Macedonian general Lishmah and destroyed by Roman general Gaius Flavius Fimbria in 86-87 AD. The last Troy was reestablished by Augustus under the name Ilium Novum.

Troy today

Today, on this location there is a Turkish city Truva, a true tourist attraction thanks to its incredible history. Archaeological site is called Troy, it is the name given by Turkish government and as such it is showed on all geographical maps.

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